Text that is
red and struck through has been removed in MPL 2.0.
Text that is blue and underlined has been added in MPL 2.0.
Mouse over the highlighted text to get a further explanation of that change in the license.
Note that these explanations are not the license. The explanations are not a legal document, or legal advice. If you need to know exactly what the license requires, you need to read and understand the license itself; if you need legal advice, you need to talk to a lawyer. The annotations are merely a good faith effort to explain the license in simpler language.
1.0.1. "Commercial Use" means distribution or otherwise making the Covered Code available to a third party.
1.1. "Contributor" means each individual or legal entity that creates
or, contributes to the creation of Modifications, or owns Covered Software.
1.2. "Contributor Version" means the combination of the
Original Code, prior Modifications Contributions of others (if any) used by a Contributor , and the Modifications made by that particular Contributor's Contribution.
1.3. "Contribution" means Covered Software of a particular Contributor.
3. "Covered Code Software" means the Original Code or Modifications or the combination of the Original Code and ModificationsSource Code Form code to which the initial Contributor initial Developer has attached the notice in Exhibit A, the Executable Form of such Source Code Form, and Modifications of such Source Code Form to related Covered Code.This text was moved from Section 5 of MPL 1.1, and further changes were made as indicated., in each case including portions thereof. 1.4. "Electronic Distribution Mechanism" means a mechanism generally accepted in the software development community for the electronic transfer of data.
1.5. "Incompatible with Secondary Licenses" means
(a) that the initial Contributor has attached the notice described in Exhibit B to the Covered Software; or
(b) that the Covered Software was made available under the terms of version 1.1 or earlier of the License, but not also under the terms of a Secondary License.
5. "Executable Form" means Covered Code in any form of the work other than Source Code Form. 1.6. "Initial Developer" means the individual or entity identified as the Initial Developer in the Source Code notice required by Exhibit A.
1.7. "Larger Work" means a work
which that combines Covered Code Software or portions thereof with code not governed by the terms of this Licenseother material, in a separate file or files, that is not Covered Software.
1.8. "License" means this document.
8.1. "Licensable" means having the right to grant, to the maximum extent possible, whether at the time of the initial grant or subsequently acquired, any and all of the rights conveyed hereinby this License.
9. "Modifications" means any addition to or deletion from the substance or structure of either the Original Code or any previous Modifications. When Covered Code is released as a series of files, a Modification is any of the following: A. Any(a) any file in Source Code Form that results from an addition to or, deletion from, or modification of the contents of a file containing Covered Software; or Original Code or previous Modifications. B. Any(b) any new file in Source Code Form that contains any Covered Software part of the Original Code or previous Modifications. 1.10. "Original Code" means Source Code of computer software code which is described in the Source Code notice required by Exhibit A as Original Code, and which, at the time of its release under this License is not already Covered Code governed by this License.
10.1. "Patent Claims" of a Contributor means any patent claim(s), now owned or hereafter acquired, including without limitation, method, process, and apparatus claims, in any patent Licensable by grantor such Contributor that would be infringed, but for the grant of the License, by the making, using, selling, offering for sale, having made, import, or transfer of either its Contributions or its Contributor Version.
1.12. "Secondary License" either the GNU General Public License, Version 2.0, the GNU Lesser General Public License, Version 2.1, the GNU Affero General Public License, Version 3.0, or any later versions of those licenses.
11. "Source Code Form" means the preferred form of the Covered Code work preferred for making modifications to it, including all modules it contains, plus any associated interface definition files, scripts used to control compilation and installation of an Executable, or source code differential comparisons against either the Original Code or another well known, available Covered Code of the Contributor's choice. The Source Code can be in a compressed or archival form, provided the appropriate decompression or de-archiving software is widely available for no charge.
12. "You" (or "Your") means an individual or a legal entity exercising rights under , and complying with all of the terms of, this License or a future version of this License issued under Section 6.1. For legal entities, "You" includes any entity whichthat controls, is controlled by, or is under common control with You. For purposes of this definition, "control" means (a) the power, direct or indirect, to cause the direction or management of such entity, whether by contract or otherwise, or (b) ownership of more than fifty percent (50%) of the outstanding shares or beneficial ownership of such entity. 2. Source Code License. 2.1. The Initial Developer Grant. The Initial Developer hereby grants You a world-wide, royalty-free, non-exclusive license, subject to third party intellectual property claims: (a) under intellectual property rights (other than patent or trademark) Licensable by Initial Developer to use, reproduce, modify, display, perform, sublicense and distribute the Original Code (or portions thereof) with or without Modifications, and/or as part of a Larger Work; and (b) under Patents Claims infringed by the making, using or selling of Original Code, to make, have made, use, practice, sell, and offer for sale, and/or otherwise dispose of the Original Code (or portions thereof). (c) the licenses granted in this Section 2.1(a) and (b) are effective on the date Initial Developer first distributes Original Code under the terms of this License. (d) Notwithstanding Section 2.1(b) above, no patent license is granted: 1) for code that You delete from the Original Code; 2) separate from the Original Code; or 3) for infringements caused by: i) the modification of the Original Code or ii) the combination of the Original Code with other software or devices.
Contributor Grants Subject to third party intellectual property claims, eachEach Contributor hereby grants You a world-wide, royalty-free, non-exclusive license:
under intellectual property rights (other than patent or trademark) Licensable by such Contributor
, to use, reproduce, make available, modify, display, perform, sublicense and distribute the Modifications created by such Contributor (or portions thereof), and otherwise exploit its Contributions, either on an unmodified basis, with other Modifications, as Covered Code and/ or as part of a Larger Work; and
under Patent Claims
infringed by the making, using, or selling of Modifications made by that Contributor either alone and/or in combination with its Contributor Version (or portions of such combination), of such Contributor to make, use, sell, offer for sale, have made, import, and /or otherwise dispose of: 1) Modifications made by that Contributor (or portions thereof); transfer either its Contributions and 2) the combination of Modifications made by that Contributor with its Contributor Version (or portions of such combination).
2.2. Effective Date.
(c) tThe licenses granted in Section 2.1 s 2.2(a) and 2.2(b) are with respect to any Contribution become effective for each Contribution on the date the Contributor first makes Commercial Use of the Covered Code distributes such Contribution.This text originated with Section 2.2(c) of MPL 1.1, and further changes were made as indicated.
2.3. Limitations on Grant Scope.
(d) The licenses granted in this Section 2 are the only rights granted under this License. No additional rights or licenses will be implied from the distribution or licensing of Covered Software under this License. Notwithstanding Section 2.2(b)2.1(b) above, no patent license is granted by a Contributor:
This License does not grant any rights in the trademarks, service marks, or logos of any Contributor (except as may be necessary to comply with the notice requirements in Section 3.4).
2.4. Subsequent Licenses.
No Contributor makes additional grants as a result of Your choice to distribute the Covered Software under a subsequent version of this License (see Section 10.2) or under the terms of a Secondary License (if permitted under the terms of Section 3.3).
Each This text was moved to this location from MPL 1.1 Section 3.4(c), and further changes were made as indicated.Contributor represents that
, except as disclosed pursuant to Section 3.4(a) above, the Contributor believes that Contributor's Modifications its Contributions are Contributor's its original creation(s) and/or Contributor it has sufficient rights to grant the rights to its Contributions conveyed by this License.
2.6. Fair Use.
This License is not intended to limit any rights You have under applicable copyright doctrines of fair use, fair dealing, or other equivalents.
Sections 3.1, 3.2, 3.3, and 3.4 are conditions of the licenses granted in Section 2.1.
3. Distribution Obligations
Application of License Distribution of Source Form. The All distribution of Covered Software in Source Code Form, including any Modifications which that You create or to which You contribute are, must be governed by under the terms of this License. You must inform recipients that the Source Code Form of the Covered Software is governed by the terms of this License, and including without limitation Section 2.2. The Source Code version of Covered Code may be distributed only under the terms of this License or a future version of this License released under Section 6.1, and You must include how they can obtain a copy of this License with every copy of the Source Code You distribute. You may not offer or impose any terms on any Source Code version that alters or restricts the applicable version of this License or attempt to alter or restrict the recipients' rights in the Source Code Form. hereunder. However, You may include an additional document offering the additional rights described in Section 3.5.
Availability of Source Code Distribution of Executable Form. Any Modification which You create or to which You contribute must be made available in Source Code form under the terms of this License either on the same media as an Executable version or via an accepted Electronic Distribution Mechanism to anyone to whom you made an Executable version available; and if made available via Electronic Distribution Mechanism, must remain available for at least twelve (12) months after the date it initially became available, or at least six (6) months after a subsequent version of that particular Modification has been made available to such recipients. You are responsible for ensuring that the Source Code version remains available even if the Electronic Distribution Mechanism is maintained by a third party.
If You distribute Covered Software in Executable Form then:
MPL 2.0 Section 3.2(a) is similar in intent and structure to MPL 1.1 Section 3.2 and parts of MPL 1.1 Section 3.6, but no text is directly shared.(a) such Covered Software must also be made available in Source Code Form, as described in Section 3.1, and You must inform recipients of the Executable Form how they can obtain a copy of such Source Code Form by reasonable means in a timely manner, at a charge no more than the cost of distribution to the recipient; and
(b)This text was moved to this location from the third sentence of MPL 1.1's Section 3.6, and further changes were made as indicated.You may distribute such
the Executable Form under the terms of this License, or sublicense it under different terms version of Covered Code or ownership rights under a license of Your choice, which may contain terms different from this License, provided that You are in compliance with the terms of this License and that the license for the Executable Form version does not attempt to limit or alter the recipient's rights in the Source Code Form version under this License.
3.3. Distribution of a Larger Work.
The first part of this text was moved to this location from MPL 1.1 Section 3.7. Further changes, including the section on Secondary Licenses, were made as indicated.You may create and distribute a Larger Work
by combining Covered Code with other code not governed by the terms of this License and distribute the Larger Work as a single product. In such a case,provided that You must make sure the requirements of this License are fulfilled foralso comply with the requirements of this License for the Covered CodeSoftware. If the Larger Work is a combination of Covered Software with a work governed by one or more Secondary Licenses, and the Covered Software is not Incompatible With Secondary Licenses, this License permits You to additionally distribute such Covered Software under the terms of such Secondary License(s), so that the recipient of the Larger Work may, at their option, further distribute the Covered Software under the terms of either this License or such Secondary License(s). 3.3. Description of Modifications. You must cause all Covered Code to which You contribute to contain a file documenting the changes You made to create that Covered Code and the date of any change. You must include a prominent statement that the Modification is derived, directly or indirectly, from Original Code provided by the Initial Developer and including the name of the Initial Developer in (a) the Source Code, and (b) in any notice in an Executable version or related documentation in which You describe the origin or ownership of the Covered Code. 3.4. Intellectual Property Matters. (a) Third Party Claims. If Contributor has knowledge that a license under a third party's intellectual property rights is required to exercise the rights granted by such Contributor under Sections 2.1 or 2.2, Contributor must include a text file with the Source Code distribution titled "LEGAL" which describes the claim and the party making the claim in sufficient detail that a recipient will know whom to contact. If Contributor obtains such knowledge after the Modification is made available as described in Section 3.2, Contributor shall promptly modify the LEGAL file in all copies Contributor makes available thereafter and shall take other steps (such as notifying appropriate mailing lists or newsgroups) reasonably calculated to inform those who received the Covered Code that new knowledge has been obtained. (b) Contributor APIs. If Contributor's Modifications include an application programming interface and Contributor has knowledge of patent licenses which are reasonably necessary to implement that API, Contributor must also include this information in the LEGAL file. (c) Representations.
This text was moved to MPL 2 Section 2.5.
Contributor represents that, except as disclosed pursuant to Section 3.4(a) above, Contributor believes that Contributor's Modifications are Contributor's original creation(s) and/or Contributor has sufficient rights to grant the rights conveyed by this License.
5.4. Required Notices.
You may not remove or alter the substance of any license notices (including copyright notices, patent notices, disclaimers of warranty, or limitations of liability) contained within the Source Code Form of the Covered Software, except that You may alter any license notices to the extent required to remedy known factual inaccuracies.
You must duplicate the notice in Exhibit A in each file of the Source Code. This text was moved to MPL 2.0 Exhibit A. If it is not possible to put such notice in a particular Source Code file due to its structure, then You must include such notice in a location (such as a relevant directory) where a user would be likely to look for such a notice. If You created one or more Modification(s) You may add your name as a Contributor to the notice described in Exhibit A. You must also duplicate this License in any documentation for the Source Code where You describe recipients' rights or ownership rights relating to Covered Code.
3.5. Application of Additional Terms.
You may choose to offer, and to charge a fee for, warranty, support, indemnity or liability obligations to one or more recipients of Covered
Code Software. However, You may do so only on Your own behalf, and not on behalf of the Initial Developer or any Contributor. You must make it absolutely clear than that any such warranty, support, indemnity, or liability obligation is offered by You alone, and You hereby agree to indemnify the Initial Developer and every Contributor for any liability incurred by the Initial Developer or such Contributor as a result of warranty, support, indemnity or liability terms You offer. You may include additional disclaimers of warranty and limitations of liability specific to any jurisdiction. 3.6. Distribution of Executable Versions. You may distribute Covered Code in Executable form only if the requirements of Section 3.1-3.5 have been met for that Covered Code, and if You include a notice stating that the Source Code version of the Covered Code is available under the terms of this License, including a description of how and where You have fulfilled the obligations of Section 3.2. The notice must be conspicuously included in any notice in an Executable version, related documentation or collateral in which You describe recipients' rights relating to the Covered Code. This text was moved to MPL 2.0 Section 3.3(b). You may distribute the Executable version of Covered Code or ownership rights under a license of Your choice, which may contain terms different from this License, provided that You are in compliance with the terms of this License and that the license for the Executable version does not attempt to limit or alter the recipient's rights in the Source Code version from the rights set forth in this License. If You distribute the Executable version under a different license You must make it absolutely clear that any terms which differ from this License are offered by You alone, not by the Initial Developer or any Contributor. You hereby agree to indemnify the Initial Developer and every Contributor for any liability incurred by the Initial Developer or such Contributor as a result of any such terms You offer. 3.7. Larger Works.
This text was moved to MPL 2.0 Section 3.3(c).
You may create a Larger Work by combining Covered Code with other code not governed by the terms of this License and distribute the Larger Work as a single product. In such a case, You must make sure the requirements of this License are fulfilled for the Covered Code.
If it is impossible for You to comply with any of the terms of this License with respect to some or all of the Covered
Code Software due to statute, judicial order, or regulation then You must: (a) comply with the terms of this License to the maximum extent possible; and (b) describe the limitations and the code they affect. Such description must be included placed in the LEGAL a text file described in Section 3.4 and must be included with all distributions of the Source Code Covered Software under this license. Except to the extent prohibited by statute or regulation, such description must be sufficiently detailed for a recipient of ordinary skill to be able to understand it. 5. Application of this License. 85.1. This License and the The rights granted hereunderunder this License will terminate automatically if You fail to comply with any of its terms herein and fail to cure such breach within 30 days of becoming aware of the breach. All sublicenses to the Covered Code which are properly granted shall survive any termination of this License. Provisions which, by their nature, must remain in effect beyond the termination of this License shall survive. However, if You become compliant, then the rights granted under this License from a particular Contributor are reinstated (a) provisionally, unless and until such Contributor explicitly and finally terminates Your grants, and (b) on an ongoing basis, if such Contributor fails to notify You of the non-compliance by some reasonable means prior to 60 days after You have come back into compliance. Moreover, Your grants from a particular Contributor are reinstated on an ongoing basis if such Contributor notifies You of the non-compliance by some reasonable means, this is the first time You have received notice of non-compliance with this License from such Contributor, and You become compliant prior to 30 days after Your receipt of the notice. 85.2. If You initiate litigation against any entity by asserting a patent infringement claim (excluding declatory declaratory judgment actions, counter-claims, and cross-claims) against Initial Developer or a Contributor (the Initial Developer or Contributor against whom You file such action is referred to as "Participant") alleging that : (a) such Participant's a Contributor Version directly or indirectly infringes any patent, then any and allthe rights granted by such Participant to You by any and all Contributors for the Covered Software under Section s 2.1 and/or 2.2 of this License shall terminate. , upon 60 days notice from Participant terminate prospectively, unless if within 60 days after receipt of notice You either: (i) agree in writing to pay Participant a mutually agreeable reasonable royalty for Your past and future use of Modifications made by such Participant, or (ii) withdraw Your litigation claim with respect to the Contributor Version against such Participant. If within 60 days of notice, a reasonable royalty and payment arrangement are not mutually agreed upon in writing by the parties or the litigation claim is not withdrawn, the rights granted by Participant to You under Sections 2.1 and/or 2.2 automatically terminate at the expiration of the 60 day notice period specified above. (b) any software, hardware, or device, other than such Participant's Contributor Version, directly or indirectly infringes any patent, then any rights granted to You by such Participant under Sections 2.1(b) and 2.2(b) are revoked effective as of the date You first made, used, sold, distributed, or had made, Modifications made by that Participant. 8.3. If You assert a patent infringement claim against Participant alleging that such Participant's Contributor Version directly or indirectly infringes any patent where such claim is resolved (such as by license or settlement) prior to the initiation of patent infringement litigation, then the reasonable value of the licenses granted by such Participant under Sections 2.1 or 2.2 shall be taken into account in determining the amount or value of any payment or license. 220.127.116.11. In the event of termination under Sections 8 5.1 or 8 5.2 above, all end user license agreements (excluding distributors and resellers) which have been validly granted by You or anyYour distributors hereunderunder this License prior to termination shall survive termination.
Code Software is provided under this License on an "as is" basis, without warranty of any kind, either expressed or, implied, or statutory, including, without limitation, warranties that the Covered Code Software is free of defects, merchantable, fit for a particular purpose or non-infringing. The entire risk as to the quality and performance of the Covered Code Software is with You. Should any Covered Code Software prove defective in any respect, You (not the Initial Developer or any other any Contributor) assume the cost of any necessary servicing, repair or correction. This disclaimer of warranty constitutes an essential part of this License. No use of any Covered Code Software is authorized hereunderunder this License except under this disclaimer.
Under no circumstances and under no legal theory, whether tort (including negligence), contract, or otherwise, shall
You, the Initial Developer, any other any Contributor, or anyone who distributes Covered Software as permitted above any distributor of Covered Code, or any supplier of any such parties, be liable to any personYou for any direct, indirect, special, incidental, or consequential damages of any character including, without limitation, damages for lost profits, loss of goodwill, work stoppage, computer failure or malfunction, or any and all other commercial damages or losses, even if such party shall have been informed of the possibility of such damages. This limitation of liability shall not apply to liability for death or personal injury resulting from such party’s negligence to the extent applicable law prohibits such limitation. Some jurisdictions do not allow the exclusion or limitation of incidental or consequential damages, so this exclusion and limitation may not apply to You. 10. U.S. Government End Users. The Covered Code is a "commercial item," as that term is defined in 48 C.F.R. 2.101 (Oct. 1995), consisting of "commercial computer software" and "commercial computer software documentation," as such terms are used in 48 C.F.R. 12.212 (Sept. 1995). Consistent with 48 C.F.R. 12.212 and 48 C.F.R. 227.7202-1 through 227.7202-4 (June 1995), all U.S. Government End Users acquire Covered Code with only those rights set forth herein.
This text is moved to MPL 2.0 Section 9.
This License represents the complete agreement concerning subject matter hereof. If any provision of this License is held to be unenforceable, such provision shall be reformed only to the extent necessary to make it enforceable. This License shall be governed by California law provisions (except to the extent applicable law, if any, provides otherwise), excluding its conflict-of-law provisions. With respect to disputes in which at least one party is a citizen of, or an entity chartered or registered to do business in the United States of America, any Any litigation relating to this License may be brought only in the courts of a jurisdiction where the defendant maintains its principal place of business and such litigation shall be governed by laws of that jurisdiction, without reference to its conflict-of-law provisions. Nothing in this Section shall prevent a party's ability to bring cross-claims or counter-claims. shall be subject to the jurisdiction of the Federal Courts of the Northern District of California, with venue lying in Santa Clara County, California, with the losing party responsible for costs, including without limitation, court costs and reasonable attorneys' fees and expenses. The application of the United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods is expressly excluded. This text is moved to MPL 2.0 Section 9. Any law or regulation which provides that the language of a contract shall be construed against the drafter shall not apply to this License.
This text was moved here from MPL 1.1 Section 11.This License represents the complete agreement concerning the subject matter hereof. If any provision of this License is held to be unenforceable, such provision shall be reformed only to the extent necessary to make it enforceable. Any law or regulation which provides that the language of a contract shall be construed against the drafter shall not
applybe used to construe this License against a Contributor. 12. Responsibility For Claims. As between Initial Developer and the Contributors, each party is responsible for claims and damages arising, directly or indirectly, out of its utilization of rights under this License and You agree to work with Initial Developer and Contributors to distribute such responsibility on an equitable basis. Nothing herein is intended or shall be deemed to constitute any admission of liability.
6.1. New Versions. Netscape Communications Corporation ("Netscape") may publish revised and/or Mozilla Foundation is the license steward. Except as provided in Section 10.3, no one other than the license steward has the right to modify or publish new versions of the this License from time to time. Each version will be given a distinguishing version number.
6.2. Effect of New Versions. Once Covered Code has been published under a particular version of the License, You may always continue to use it distribute the Covered Software under the terms of that the version . of the License under which You may also choose to use such originally received the Covered Code Software, or under the terms of any subsequent version of the License published by the license steward. Netscape. No one other than Netscape has the right to modify the terms applicable to Covered Code created under this License.
6.3. Derivative Works Modified Versions.
Youyou create software not governed by this License, and you want to create a new license for such software, you may create and or use a modified version of this License if you rename the license and remove any references to the name of the license steward (which you may only do in order to apply it to code which is not already Covered Code governed by this License), You must (a) rename Your license so that the phrases "Mozilla", "MOZILLAPL", "MOZPL", "Netscape", "MPL", "NPL" or any confusingly similar phrase do not appear in your license (except to note that your such modified license differs from this License). and (b) otherwise make it clear that Your version of the license contains terms which differ from the Mozilla Public License and Netscape Public License. (Filling in the name of the Initial Developer, Original Code or Contributor in the notice described in Exhibit A shall not of themselves be deemed to be modifications of this License.)
10.4. Distributing Source Code Form that is Incompatible With Secondary Licenses
If You choose to distribute Source Code Form that is Incompatible with Secondary Licenses under the terms of this version of the License, the notice described in Exhibit B of this License must be attached.
13. Multiple-Licensed Code. Initial Developer may designate portions of the Covered Code as "Multiple-Licensed". "Multiple-Licensed" means that the Initial Developer permits you to utilize portions of the Covered Code under Your choice of the NPL or the alternative licenses, if any, specified by the Initial Developer in the file described in Exhibit A. Exhibit A: Mozilla Public License
This Source Code Form is subject to the terms of the Mozilla Public License, v. 2.0. If a copy of the MPL was not distributed with this file, You can obtain one at http://mozilla.org/MPL/2.0/.
This text was moved from MPL 1.1 Section 3.5, and further changes were made as indicated.If it is not possible or desirable to put the notice in a particular file, then You may include the notice in a location (such as a LICENSE file in a relevant directory) where a recipient would be likely to look for such a notice.
You may add additional accurate notices of copyright ownership.
This Source Code Form is "Incompatible With Secondary Licenses", as defined by the Mozilla Public License, v. 2.0.
"The contents of this file are subject to the Mozilla Public License Version 1.1 (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with the License. You may obtain a copy of the License at http://www.mozilla.org/MPL/
Software distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" basis, WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the License for the specific language governing rights and limitations under the License.
The Original Code is ______________________________________.
The Initial Developer of the Original Code is ________________________. Portions created by ______________________ are Copyright (C) ______. All Rights Reserved.
Alternatively, the contents of this file may be used under the terms of the _____ license (the " _____ License"), in which case the provisions of ______ License are applicable instead of those above. If you wish to allow use of your version of this file only under the terms of the [____] License and not to allow others to use your version of this file under the MPL, indicate your decision by deleting the provisions above and replace them with the notice and other provisions required by the ______ License. If you do not delete the provisions above, a recipient may use your version of this file under either the MPL or the ______ License." [NOTE: The text of this Exhibit A may differ slightly from the text of the notices in the Source Code files of the Original Code. You should use the text of this Exhibit A rather than the text found in the Original Code Source Code for Your Modifications.]